The care of the most severely ill or injured patients requires the cooperation of multiple specialties, but we believe that surgeons with advanced knowledge and training are the vital central element. The goal of this fellowship is to provide an intensive one-year experience in surgical critical care which will train surgeons to assume a leadership role in the care of critically ill patients and be prepared to assume an administrative role in managing a busy surgical intensive care unit. The specific goals in this regard are to obtain experience in the multidisciplinary care of sick surgical patients and have exposure to all elements of the domain of critical care knowledge and related procedures. This will form a focus of clinical material upon which to develop the basics of administrating a busy ICU and integrating multiple practitioners in this complex environment.
The educational philosophy is to teach not only the individual basics of care of sick surgical patients, but to teach the integration of care through multiple practitioners in the interdisciplinary process. Philosophically we maintain an open unit which is integrated with the primary surgeon and teaches the critical care residents how to manage patients in this environment which is the most likely environment you will encounter in your practice. An additional philosophic goal is to have exposure to all types of surgical critical care patients to maintain an expanded knowledge.
The initial year of the fellowship focuses on gaining advanced skills and knowledge in clinical aspects of patient care and the basics of surgical intensive care administration. Candidates desiring to pursue a career in academic surgery may participate in an optional second year of training which will offer the opportunity to focus on a specific area of scholarly pursuit while continuing to participate in clinical management. The program will allow the second year resident to focus on bench research in the basic sciences or to pursue further training in the epidemiology and statistics.
A critical care resident will be directly involved in all phases of care of critically ill surgical patients. The focus of the clinical experience will center around our 20 bed combined Surgical Intensive Care Unit at Hillcrest, with rotations on the 8 bed Burn unit, 24 bed Cardiovascular Unit at Jacobs Medical Center in LaJolla and the 12 bed Surgical Intensive Care Unit at Jacobs Medical Center. The case mix on the surgical intensive care units includes approximately 50% trauma patients, 30% general surgery and transplant patients, 10% neurosurgery patients, and 10% other speciality surgery. In addition, subspecialty admissions in other surgical subspecialties are seen. The trauma resuscitation area is a physical part of the surgical intensive care unit. Initial resuscitation management of trauma patients is a unique and integral part of the training in critical care offered in this fellowship. Trauma resuscitation may involve emergency surgical procedures required for stabilization but will not involve surgical procedures done on an elective or semi-elective basis.