This mixed methods study examines 1) the effect of recent intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual relationship power differentials on the sexual risk behaviors of HIV-negative heterosexual methamphetamine-using women enrolled in the intervention arm of an HIV behavioral intervention and 2) whether cognitive mediators (e.g., condom use self-efficacy and outcome expectancies) mediate the relationship between recent IPV and sexual relationship power and sexual risk behaviors. The project aims to also qualitatively characterize how the context of IPV and sexual relationship power differentials affect the adoption of safer sex behaviors during and after participation in the HIV behavioral intervention. Findings from this research will facilitate the development, implementation, and evaluation of an HIV prevention intervention that concurrently addresses gender-based issues, HIV and drug use, in the context of female empowerment.
*Funded by the National Institutes of Health
Stockman JK, Ludwig-Barron N, Hoffman MA, Ulibarri MD, Penniman Dyer TP. Prevention interventions for human immunodeficiency virus in drug-using women with a history of partner violence. Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation. 2012;3(Suppl 1):45-57.
Stockman JK, Strathdee SA. HIV among people who use drugs: A global perspective of populations at risk. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2010;55 Suppl 1:S17-22.
Stockman JK. Epidemiology of HIV among injection and non-injection drug users: Current trends and implications for interventions. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 2010;7(2):99-106.