Men, Gender Equity and Family Planning in India

Evaluation of the CHARM Intervention

Epidemiologic research conducted by our team documents the important role of gendered vulnerabilities to low reproductive control among young married couples in rural India. The CHARM intervention was developed to improve family planning utilization among these young couples. CHARM (Counseling Husbands to Achieve Reproductive health and Marital equity) involves outreach and intervention by local male village health providers (VHPs) to young married men. CHARM sessions involve family planning counseling in conjunction with gender equity training that emphasizes norms against spousal violence and for shared spousal reproductive decision-making. CHARM will be evaluated 1000 young couples via a two-armed cluster randomized controlled trial in which couples will either receive the CHARM intervention or a control condition involving linkage to the public health system.The de-identified dataset for the CHARM study is available upon request for research purposes. If you would like the dataset, please email, with the subject line "request for CHARM dataset," and specify your planned research questions for our records.

The CHARM Curriculum provides an overview of the objectives and activities delivered by male health providers in the three-session gender equity and family planning (GE+FP) counseling interventions. CHARM demonstrated that men can be engaged in FP programming in rural India and such an approach, combined with GE counseling, can improve contraceptive practices and reduce sexual IPV in married couples.

*Funded by the National Institutes of Health and the Indian Council on Medical Research and Department of Biotechnology

Primary Investigator
Anita Raj, PhD

Project Director
Jennifer Yore

Where We Work
  • South Asia
Related Work
  • Male Involvement, Youth