Mackey, Tim K.

Tim Mackey

Email:  Link to CV: Tim K Mackey

Link: Global Health Policy Institute

Timothy Ken Mackey is the Director of the Global Health Policy Institute, an Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Global Public Health, and an Investigator at the San Diego Center for Patient Safety at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine. He is also the Associate Director for the UC San Diego MAS Program in Health Policy & Law. He earned his BA in Political Science-International Relations from the UC San Diego, a Masters Degree from UC San Diego MAS Program in Health Policy & Law, and his PhD in the Joint Global Public Health program with UC San Diego and San Diego State University. He has also completed an Executive Course in Global Health Diplomacy at the Graduate Institute, Geneva.

His work focuses on a broad array of multidisciplinary topics in domestic and global public health research. This includes cross-cutting research and publications in disciplines of public health, medicine, international relations, public policy, law, technology, economics and intellectual property, technology environmental health, eHealth, crime, and global governance.

Dr. Mackey has a diverse background including living in several countries worldwide and having over 8 years of experience working in both the public and private sector.  He is also a current term member of the Council on Foreign Relations, a lifelong member of the Bouchet Graduate Honor Society, a current Associate Editor for BMC Public Health, Co-Chair for the Good Governance in Global Health Project in partnership with University of Toronto, and has acted as a consultant and expert for the World Health Organization and the U.S. Department of State.

His research areas include:

  • Global public health policy and governance
  • Drug supply chain safety and integrity
  • Intellectual property, innovation and public health
  • Global health diplomacy
  • Trade and Health
  • Healthcare related corruption
  • Health-related marketing
  • eHealth Governance
  • Tobacco control research
  • International disease surveillance policy
  • Conflicts of interest

Selected Publications (from over 100):

Mackey TK, Kohler J, Lewis M, Vian T. Combating Corruption in Global Health. Science Translational Medicine. 2017; in press.

Mackey TK, Kalyanam J, Katsuki T, Lanckriet G. Machine Learning to Detect Prescription Opioid Abuse Promotion and Access via Twitter. American Journal of Public Health. 2017; in press.

Mackey TK. The Ebola Outbreak: Catalyzing a "Shift" in Global Health Governance? BMC Infectious Diseases. 2016;16:699

Mackey TK, Savedoff WD, Vogl F, Lewis M, Sale J, Kohler JC, Michaud J, Vian T. The "Cancer" of Corruption: Views on how to Fight the Disease of Corruption to Advance 21st Century Global Health Goals. BMC Medicine. 2016;14:149.

Schandera J, Mackey TK. Mitochondrial Replacement Therapy: Divergence in Global Policy. Trends in Genetics. 2016;23(7):385-390

Mackey TK, Nayyar G. Digital Danger: A Review of the Global Public Health, Patient Safety and Cybersecurity Threats Posed by Illicit Online Pharmacies. Br Med Bull. 2016; 118(1):110-126.

Mackey TK, Schoenfeld V. Going "Social" to Access Experimental and Potentially Life-Saving Treatment: An Assessment of the Policy and Online Patient Advocacy Environment for Expanded Access. BMC Medicine. 2016;14:17

Katsuki T, Mackey TK, Cuomo RE. Establishing a Link Between Prescription Drug Abuse and Illicit Online Pharmacies: Analysis of Twitter Data. J Med Internet Res. 2015;17(12):e280.

Mackey TK, Miner A, Cuomo RE. Exploring the e-Cigarette e-Commerce Marketplace: Identifying Internet e-Cigarette Marketing Characteristics and Regulatory Gaps. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015; 156:97-103

Mackey TK, Liang BA, York P, Kubic T. Counterfeit Drug Penetration into Global Legitimate Supply Chains: A Global Assessment. Am J. Trop. Med. Hygiene. 2015;92(6):59-67

Mackey TK, Cuomo RE, Guerra C, Liang BA. After Counterfeit Avastin – What Have We Learned and What can be Done? Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 2015;12:302-308

Mackey TK, Liang BA, Cuomo R, Hafen R, Brouwer K, Lee D. Emerging and Re-Emerging Neglected Tropical Diseases: A Review of Key Characteristics, Risk Factors, and the Policy and Innovation Environment. Clin Microbiology Rev. 2014; 27(4):949-979

Mackey TK, Liang BA, Pierce JP, Bostic C, Laurent H. Call to Action: Promoting Domestic and Global Tobacco Control by Ratifying the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in the United States. PLoS Med. 2014;11(5): e1001639. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001639

Mackey TK, Liang BA, Kohler JC, Attaran A. Health Domains for Sale: The Need for Global Health Internet Governance. J Med Internet Res. 2014;16(3):e62.

Kohler JC, Mackey TK, Ovtcharenko N. Why the MDGs need Good Governance in Pharmaceutical Systems to Promote Global Health. BMC Public Health. 2014;14(63) doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-63.

Liang BA, Mackey TK. Public-Private Partnerships to Promote Biosimilar Access, Affordability, and Patient Safety in Emerging Markets. Stanford J Law Sci Policy: 2014; 7(1):1-9.

Mackey TK, Contreras JT, Liang BA. The Minamata Convention on Mercury: Attempting to Address the Global Controversy of Dental Amalgam Use and Mercury Waste Disposal. Sci Tot Env. 2014;472:125-129.

Mackey TK, *Yagi N, Liang BA. Prescription Drug Coupons: Evolution and Need for Regulation in Direct-to-Consumer Advertising. Res Social Admin Pharm.; 2014; 10(3):588-594.

Yagi N, Mackey TK, Gerlt L, Liang BA. Policy Review: Japan-Philippines Economic Partnership Agreement (JPEPA)—Analysis of a Failed Nurse Migration Policy. Inter J Nurs.; 2014; 51:243-250.

Mackey TK, Liang BA. Improving Global Health Governance to Combat Counterfeit Medicines: A Proposal for a UNODC-WHO-Interpol Trilateral Mechanism. BMC Medicine. 2013;11:233.

Mackey TK, Liang BA. Pharmaceutical Digital Marketing and Governance: Illicit Actors and Challenges to Global Patient Safety and Public Health. Glob Health. 2013; 9(1):45.

Mackey TK, Liang BA, Kohler J, Attaran A. The Fight over dot-health: Ensuring the Future of Health Information Online. The Lancet. 2013; 382:1404.

Mackey TK, Liang BA, Strathdee S. Digital Social Media, Youth and Non-Medical Use of Prescription Drugs: The Need for Reform. J Med Internet Res. 2013; 15(7):e143, doi:10.2196/jmir.2464.

Mackey TK. Global Health Diplomacy and the Governance of Counterfeit Medicines: A Mapping Exercise of Institutional Approaches. J Health Diplomacy. 2013;1(1).

Liang BA, Mackey TK, Archer-Hayes A, Shinn L. Illicit Online Marketing of Lorcaserin Before DEA Scheduling. Obesity. 2013;21(5):861-864.

Mackey TK, Liang BA. Global Reach of Direct-to-Consumer Advertising Using Social Media for Illicit Online Drug Sales. J Med Internet Res. 2013;15(5):e105, doi:10.2196/jmir.2610.

Liang BA, Mackey TK, Lovett KM. Illegal “No Prescription” Internet Access to Narrow Therapeutic Index Drugs. Clin Ther. 2013;35(5):694-700.

Mackey TK, Liang BA, Novotny T. Evolution of Tobacco Labeling and Packaging: Global Health Governance and International Legal Considerations. Am J Pub Health. 2013;103(4):e39-e43, doi:10. 2105/AJPH.2012.301029.

Mackey TK, Liang BA. Physician Payment Disclosure Under Healthcare Reform: Will the Sun Shine? J Am Board Fam Med. 2013;26: 327-331. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2013.03.120264.

Mackey TK, Liang BA. Rethinking Brain Drain: Health Worker Migration and Health System Strengthening Financing Reform. Glob Health Action. 2013;6:19923.

Mackey T, Liang BA. A United Nations Global Health Panel for Global Health Governance. Soc Sci Med. 2013;76(1):12-15. Subject of a Social Science & Medicine Special Commentary/Debate: Global Governance--Featuring Mackey & Liang, A United Nations Global Health Panel for Global Health Governance, Commentary by Dussault, Sridar, and Hein; and Authors’ Reply.

Mackey TK, Novotny TE. Improving United Nations Funding to Strengthen Global Health Governance: Amending the Helms-Biden Agreement. Global Health Governance. 2012;6(1).

Mackey T, Liang BA. Oncology and the Internet: Regulatory Failure and Reform. J Onc Prac. 2012;8(6);341-343.

Mackey T, Liang BA. Combating Healthcare Corruption and Fraud with Improved Global Health Governance. BMC Intl Health Hum Rights. 2012;12:23.

Mackey TK, Liang BA. Patent and Exclusivity Status of Essential Medicines for Non-Communicable Disease. PLoS One. 2012;7(11):e51022.

Mackey TK, Liang BA. Threats from Emerging and Re-emerging Neglected Tropical Diseases. Infec Ecol Epi. 2012;2(1):18667.

Mackey T, Liang BA. Promoting Global Health: Utilizing WHO to Integrate Public Health, Innovation and Intellectual Property. Drug Disc Today. 2012;17(24-25):1254-1257.

Liang BA, Mackey TK, Lovett KM. Suspect Online Sellers and Contraceptive Access. Contraception. 2012;86(5):551-556. 

Mackey TK, Liang BA. Brain Drain: Exploring Resource Allocation to Address Health Worker Migration and Promote Global Health. Health Policy. 2012;107(1):66-73. 

Liang BA, Mackey T. Sexual Medicine: Online Risks to Health-The Problem of Counterfeit Drugs. Nature Rev Urol. 2012;9:480-482.

Liang BA, Mackey TK. Stem Cells, Dot-Com. Sci Trans Med. 2012;4(151):151cm9. 

Mackey T, Liang BA. Global Health Policy Coordination to Address Neglected Tropical Diseases. Trop Med Inter Health 2012;17(9):1053-1056.

Mackey T, Liang BA. Integrating Biodiversity Management and Indigenous Biopiracy Protection to Promote Environmental Justice and Global Health. Am J Pub Health. 2012;102(6):1091-1095.

Lovett KM, Liang BA, Mackey T. Risks of Online Direct-to-Consumer Tumor Markers for Cancer Screening. J Clin. Onc. 2012;30(13):1411-1414. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2011.37.8984.

Liang BA, Mackey T. Addressing Illicit Online Pharmacies: Global Patient Safety and Regulatory Challenges. In: Counterfeit Medicines: Policy, Economics, and Countermeasures 75-89 (Albert Wertheimer & Perry Wang, eds. 2012).

Liang BA, Mackey T. Preparing for Health Diplomacy Negotiations—Global Governance and the Case of Taiwan, WHO, and SARS. In: Ellen Rosskam & Ilona Kickbusch, eds., Negotiating and Navigating Global Health: Case Studies in Global Health Diplomacy. London: Imperial College World Scientific Press, 2012, 173-202.

Liang BA, Mackey T. Online Availability and Safety of Drugs in Shortage: A Descriptive Study of Internet Vendor Characteristics. J Med Internet Res. 2012;14(1):e27 doi:10.2196/jmir.1999. 

Liang BA, Lovett KM, Mackey, TK. eElder Abuse. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012;60:398–400. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03798.x

Mackey T, Liang BA. Lessons from SARS and 2009 H1N1 influenza: Employing a WHO-WTO Forum to Promote Optimal Economic-Public Health Pandemic Response. J Pub Health Policy. 2012;33(1):119-131 doi:10.1057/jphp.2011.51.

Liang BA, Mackey T. Vaccine Shortages and Suspect Online Pharmacy Sellers. Vaccine. 2012;30(2):103-105 doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.11.016. 

Mackey T, Liang BA. The Global Counterfeit Drug Trade: Patient Safety and Public Health Risks. J Pharm Sci. 2011;100(11):4571-4579.

Liang BA, Mackey T. Prevalence and Global Health Implications of Social Media in Direct-to-Consumer Drug Advertising. J Med Internet Res. 2011;13(3):e64 doi:10.2196/jmir.1775.

Liang BA, Mackey T. Reforming Direct-to-Consumer Advertising. Nature Biotech. 2011; 29(5):397-400.

Liang, BA, Mackey T. Direct to Consumer Advertising with Interactive Internet Media: Global Regulation and Public Health Issues. JAMA. 2011; 305(8):824-825.

Liang BA, Mackey T. Confronting Conflict: Addressing Institutional Conflicts of Interest in Academic Medical Centers. Am J Law Med. 2010;36(1):136-187.

Liang BA, Mackey T. Reforming Off-Label Promotion to Enhance Orphan Disease Treatment. Science. 2010; 327(5963):273-274. (subject of editorial correspondence, Liang BA, Mackey T. Consent Contraindicated? In Reply. Science. 2010;328(5974):45).

Liang BA, Mackey T. Searching for Safety: Addressing Search Engine, Web site, and Provider Accountability for Illicit Online Drug Sales. Am J Law Med. 2009;35(1):125-184. (subject of editorial correspondence, Liang BA, Mackey T. Searching for Safety: A Reply to Cooperman and Levitt. Am J Law Med. 2009;35(4):687-694).

Featured Article:

Mackey TK, Liang BA, Kubic TT, Dangerous Doses: Fighting Fraud in the Global Medicine Supply Chain, Foreign Affairs, May 14, 2012, available at: 

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