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Peer-Reviewed Publications from Our Faculty and Fellows


Said ET, Sztain JF, Abramson WB, Meineke MN, Furnish TJ, Schmidt UH, Manecke GR, Gabriel RA. A dedicated acute pain service is associated with reduced postoperative opioid consumption in patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy. Anesth Analg. 2018, in press

Gabriel RA, A'Court AM, Schmidt UH, Dutton RP, Urman RD. Time of day is not associated with increased mortality in emergency surgery: An analysis of 49,196 surgical procedures. J Clin Anesth. 2018, in press

Sztain JF, Khatibi B, Monahan AM, Abramson WB, Said ET, Gabriel RA, Finneran JJ, Bellars RH, Nguyen PL, Ball ST, Gonzales FB, Ahmed SS, Donohue MC, Padwal JA, Ilfeld BM. Proximal vs distal continuous adductor canal blocks: Does varying perineural catheter location influence analgesia? A randomized, subject-masked, controlled clinical trial. Anesth Analg. 2018, in press

Burton BN, Khoche S, A'Court AM, Schmidt UH, Gabriel RA. Perioperative risk factors associated with postoperative unplanned intubation following lung resection. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018. in press Harris MT, Gabriel RA, Dutton RP, Urman RD. A retrospective analysis of case duration variability in cesaeren deliveries. Int J Obstet Anesth. 2018. in press

Gabriel RA, Fergerson BD, Brovman EY, Dutton RP, Urman RD. A retrospective analysis of the variation in case duration for aortic valve replacement and association with various hospital facility types. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018, in press

Finneran JJ, Gabriel RA, Khatibi B. Erector spinae plane blocks provide analgesia for breast surgery: A series of three cases. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2018 Jan; 43(1):101-102


Chandrabose RK, Sandhu NS. Infraclavicular neurovascular anatomic anomaly seen via ultrasound. Anesthesiology. 2017 Sep 29

Gabriel RA, Clark AI, Nguyen AP, Waterman RS, Schmidt U. The association of preoperative hematocrit and transfusion with mortality in patients undergoing elective non-cardiac surgery. World J Surg, in press

Ilfeld BM, Liguori GA. Regional anesthesia "Block Rooms": Should they be universal? Look to Goldilocks (and her 3 bears) for the answer. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2017 Sep/Oct;42(5):551-553

Gabriel RA, Ehrenfeld JM, Urman RD. Preoperative genetic testing and personalized medicine: Changing the care paradigm. J Med Syst 2017 Oct 17; 41(12):185.

Gabriel RA, Ilfeld BM. Use of regional anesthesia among patients undergoing outpatient surgery in the United States: A prevalence study using a nationwide database. Anesth Analg 2017 Sept 14 [Epub ahead of print]

Ilfeld BM, Gabriel RA, Trescot AM. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous cryoneurolysis providing postoperative analgesia lasting multiple weeks following a single administration: a replacement for continuous peripheral nerve blocks? Korean J Anesthesiol. 2017 Oct;70(5):567-570

Ng N, Gabriel RA, McAuley J, Elkan C, Lipton ZC. Predicting surgery duration with neural heteroscedastic regression. Proceedings in the 2nd Machine Learning in Healthcare Conference, J Mach Learn Res 2017

Gabriel RA, Burton BN, Tsai MH, Ehrenfeld JM, Dutton RP, Urman RD. After-hours versus daytime shifts: distribution of patient characteristics and procedures in non-anesthesia operating room environments. J Med Sys 2017 Sep; 41(9):140

Walker JB, Nguyen PL, Schmidt UH, Gabriel RA. Postoperative outcomes associated with neuraxial versus general anesthesia following bilateral total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty, 2017 [Epub ahead of print]

Ilfeld BM, Gabriel RA, Trescot AM. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous cryoneurolysis for treatment of acute pain: potential benefits over continuous peripheral nerve blocks? Br J Anaesth. 2017 [Epub ahead of print]

Gabriel RA, Finneran JJ, Asokan D, Trescot AM, Sandhu NS, Ilfeld BM. Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Cryoneurolysis for Acute Pain Management: A Case Report. A A Case Rep. 2017 May 12. doi: 10.1213/XAA.0000000000000546. [Epub ahead of print]

Finneran JJ 4th, Ilfeld BM, Sztain JF. Continuous Interscalene Block for Postoperative Analgesia and Shoulder Immobilization After Pectoralis Major Tendon Reinsertion: A Case Report. A A Case Rep. 2017 May 23. doi: 10.1213/XAA.0000000000000559. [Epub ahead of print]

Finn DM, Ilfeld BM, Unkart JT, Madison SJ, Suresh PJ, Sandhu NPS, Kormylo NJ, Malhotra N, Loland VJ, Wallace MS, Wen CH, Morgan AC, Wallace AM. Post-mastectomy cancer recurrence with and without a continuous paravertebral block in the immediate postoperative period: a prospective multi-year follow-up pilot study of a randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled investigation. J Anesth. 2017 Jun;31(3):374-379. doi: 10.1007/s00540-017-2345-z. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Khatibi B, Said ET, Sztain JF, Monahan AM, Gabriel RA, Furnish TJ, Tran JT, Donohue MC, Ilfeld BM. Continuous Transversus Abdominis Plane Nerve Blocks: Does Varying Local Anesthetic Delivery Method-Automatic Repeated Bolus Versus Continuous Basal Infusion-Influence the Extent of Sensation to Cold?: A Randomized, Triple-Masked, Crossover Study in Volunteers. Anesth Analg. 2017 Apr;124(4):1298-1303. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000001939.

Ilfeld BM, McCartney CJL. Searching for the Optimal Pain Management Technique after Knee Arthroplasty: Analgesia Is Just the Tip of the Iceberg. Anesthesiology. 2017 May;126(5):768-770. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000001608. No abstract available.

Gabriel RA, Burton BN, Nguyen AP, Schmidt U. Preoperative functional status is associated with unplanned postoperative intubations following thyroidectomy. Resp Care. 2017 Jun 20 [Epub ahead of print]

Gabriel RA, Waterman RS, Kim J, Ohno-Machado L. A predictive model for extended post-anesthesia care unit length of stay in outpatient surgeries. Anesth Analg. 2017 Jan 11 [Epub ahead of print] 

*Gabriel RA, *Nguyen AP, Tran DR, Golts E, Kistler EB, Schmidt U. Acute renal failure in the post-lung transplant patient is associated with higher health care resources and costs. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2017 Feb 5 [Epub ahead of print] *authors contributed equally 

Ilfeld BM, Gilmore CA, Grant SA, Bolognesi MP, Del Gaizo DJ, Wongsarnpigoon A, Boggs JW. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous peripheral nerve stimulation for analgesia following total knee arthroplasty: a prospective feasibility study. J Orthop Surg Res. 2017 Jan 13;12(1):4. doi: 10.1186/s13018-016-0506-7.

Juang J, Gabriel RA, Dutton RP, Palanisamy A, Urman RD. Update on anesthesia practice patterns during Cesarean Deliveries. Anesth Analg 2017 Jan 16 [Epub ahead of print]

Gabriel RA, Sandhu NS. Nerve Roots of the Brachial Plexus: Further Refining the "Stoplight" Sign. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2017 Jan/Feb;42(1):118-119. doi: 10.1097/AAP.0000000000000501. No abstract available. 

Ilfeld BM, Gabriel RA, Saulino MF, Chae J, Peckham PH, Grant SA, Gilmore CA, Donohue MC, deBock MG, Wongsarnpigoon A, Boggs JW. Infection Rates of Electrical Leads Used for Percutaneous Neurostimulation of the Peripheral Nervous System. Pain Pract. 2017 Jul;17(6):753-762. doi: 10.1111/papr.12523. Epub 2016 Nov 11.

Ilfeld BM. Continuous Peripheral Nerve Blocks: An Update of the Published Evidence and Comparison With Novel, Alternative Analgesic Modalities. Anesth Analg. 2017 Jan;124(1):308-335. Review.

Quinn TD, Gabriel RA, Dutton RP, Urman RD. Analysis of Unplanned Postoperative Admissions to the Intensive Care Unit. J Intensive Care Med. 2017 Aug;32(7):436-443. doi: 10.1177/0885066615622124. Epub 2015 Dec 30.

Gelfand ME, Gabriel RA, Gimlich R, Beutler SS, Urman RD. Practice patterns in the intraoperative use of bispectral index monitoring. J Clin Monit Comput. 2017 Apr;31(2):281-289. doi: 10.1007/s10877-016-9845-5. Epub 2016 Feb 20.


Ilfeld BM, Grant SA, Gilmore CA, Chae J, Wilson RD, Wongsarnpigoon A, Boggs JW. Neurostimulation for Postsurgical Analgesia: A Novel System Enabling Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Peripheral Nerve Stimulation. Pain Pract. 2016 Dec 2. doi: 10.1111/papr.12539. [Epub ahead of print]

Unkart JT, Padwal JA, Ilfeld BM, Wallace AM. Treatment of Post-Latissimus Dorsi Flap Breast Reconstruction Pain With Continuous Paravertebral Nerve Blocks: A Retrospective Review. Anesth Pain Med. 2016 Jul 24;6(5):e39476. eCollection 2016 Oct.

Ilfeld BM, Grant SA. Ultrasound-Guided Percutaneous Peripheral Nerve Stimulation for Postoperative Analgesia: Could Neurostimulation Replace Continuous Peripheral Nerve Blocks? Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2016 Nov/Dec;41(6):720-722. No abstract available.

Gabriel RA, Beverly A, Dutton RP, Urman RD. Patterns of intra-arterial blood pressure monitoring for patients undergoing total shoulder arthroplasty under general anesthesia: a retrospective analysis of 23,073 patients. J Clin Monit Comput. 2016 Oct 13. [Epub ahead of print]

Krause M, Khatibi B, Sztain JF, Rahman P, Shapiro AB, Sandhu NS. Ultrasound-guided airway blocks using a curvilinear probe. J Clin Anesth. 2016 Sep;33:408-12

Gabriel RA, Nagrebetsky A, Kaye AD, Dutton RP, Urman RD. The Patterns of Utilization of Interscalene Nerve Blocks for Total Shoulder Arthroplasty. Anesth Analg. 2016 Sep;123(3):758-61. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000001472.

Ende D, Gabriel RA, Vlassakov KV, Dutton RP, Urman RD. Epidemiologic data and trends concerning the use of regional anaesthesia for shoulder arthroscopy in the United States of America. Int Orthop. 2016 Oct;40(10):2105-2113. Epub 2016 Aug 26.

Cheng GS, Ilfeld BM. An Evidence-Based Review of the Efficacy of Perioperative Analgesic Techniques for Breast Cancer-Related Surgery. Pain Med. 2016 Aug 22. pii: pnw172. [Epub ahead of print] Review.

Cheng GS, Ilfeld BM. A review of postoperative analgesia for breast cancer surgery. Pain Manag. 2016 Nov;6(6):603-618. Epub 2016 Aug 2. Review.

Ilfeld BM, Preciado J, Trescot AM. Novel cryoneurolysis device for the treatment of sensory and motor peripheral nerves. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2016 Aug;13(8):713-25. doi: 10.1080/17434440.2016.1204229. Epub 2016 Jul 13. Review.

Grevstad U, Jæger P, Sørensen JK, Gottschau B, Ilfeld B, Ballegaard M, Hagelskjaer M, Dahl JB. The Effect of Local Anesthetic Volume Within the Adductor Canal on Quadriceps Femoris Function Evaluated by Electromyography: A Randomized, Observer- and Subject-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Study in Volunteers. Anesth Analg. 2016 Aug;123(2):493-500. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000001310.

Landry EK, Gabriel RA, Beutler S, Dutton RP, Urman RD. Analysis of Unplanned Intensive Care Unit Admissions in Postoperative Pediatric Patients. J Intensive Care Med. 2017 Mar;32(3):204-211. doi: 10.1177/0885066616661152. Epub 2016 Aug 20.

Gabriel RA, Wu A, Huang CC, Dutton RP, Urman RD. National incidences and predictors of inefficiencies in perioperative care. J Clin Anesth. 2016 Jun;31:238-46. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinane.2016.01.007. Epub 2016 Apr 16.

Gabriel RA, Tillquist MN, Dutton RP, Urman RD. Incidence and risk factors for early postoperative reintubations. J Clin Anesth. 2016 Jun;31:80-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinane.2015.12.038. Epub 2016 Apr 12.

Finn DM, Agarwal RR, Ilfeld BM, Madison SJ, Ball ST, Ferguson EJ, Morgan AC, Morris BA. Fall Risk Associated with Continuous Peripheral Nerve Blocks Following Knee and Hip Arthroplasty. Medsurg Nurs. 2016 Jan-Feb;25(1):25-30, 49.

Hadzic A, Minkowitz HS, Melson TI, Berkowitz R, Uskova A, Ringold F, Lookabaugh J, Ilfeld BM. Liposome Bupivacaine Femoral Nerve Block for Postsurgical Analgesia after Total Knee Arthroplasty. Anesthesiology. 2016 Jun;124(6):1372-83. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000001117.

Jani SR, Shapiro FE, Gabriel RA, Kordylewski H, Dutton RP, Urman RD. A Comparison between office and other ambulatory practices: Analysis from the National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry. J Healthc Risk Manag. 2016 Apr;35(4):38-47. doi: 10.1002/jhrm.21223.

Chen Y, Gabriel RA, Kodali BS, Urman RD. Effect of Anesthesia Staffing Ratio on First-Case Surgical Start Time. J Med Syst. 2016 May;40(5):115. doi: 10.1007/s10916-016-0471-z. Epub 2016 Mar 19.

Gabriel RA, Kaye AD, Nagrebetsky A, Jones MR, Dutton RP, Urman RD. Utilization of Femoral Nerve Blocks for Total Knee Arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2016 Aug;31(8):1680-5. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2016.02.002. Epub 2016 Feb 9.

Brovman EY, Gabriel RA, Dutton RP, Urman RD. Pulmonary Artery Catheter Use During Cardiac Surgery in the United States, 2010 to 2014. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2016 Jun;30(3):579-84. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2015.11.012. Epub 2015 Nov 14.

Monahan AM, Madison SJ, Loland VJ, Sztain JF, Bishop ML, Sandhu NS, Bellars RH, Khatibi B, Schwartz AK, Ahmed SS, Donohue MC, Nomura ST, Wen CH, Ilfeld BM. Continuous Popliteal Sciatic Blocks: Does Varying Perineural Catheter Location Relative to the Sciatic Bifurcation Influence Block Effects? A Dual-Center, Randomized, Subject-Masked, Controlled Clinical Trial. Anesth Analg. 2016 May;122(5):1689-95. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000001211.

Monahan AM, Sztain JF, Khatibi B, Furnish TJ, Jæger P, Sessler DI, Mascha EJ, You J, Wen CH, Nakanote KA, Ilfeld BM. Continuous Adductor Canal Blocks: Does Varying Local Anesthetic Delivery Method (Automatic Repeated Bolus Doses Versus Continuous Basal Infusion) Influence Cutaneous Analgesia and Quadriceps Femoris Strength? A Randomized, Double-Masked, Controlled, Split-Body Volunteer Study. Anesth Analg. 2016 May;122(5):1681-8. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000001182.

Brovman EY, Gabriel RA, Lekowski RW, Dutton RP, Urman RD. Rate of Major Anesthetic-Related Outcomes in the Intraoperative and Immediate Postoperative Period After Cardiac Surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2016 Apr;30(2):338-44. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2015.08.006. Epub 2015 Aug 10.

Abrecht CR, Gabriel RA, Dutton RP, Kaye AD, Michna E, Urman RD. National Perioperative Outcomes for Intrathecal Pump, Spinal Cord Stimulator, and Peripheral Nerve Stimulator Procedures. Pain Physician. 2015 Nov;18(6):547-54.

Gabriel RA, Lemay A, Beutler SS, Dutton RP, Urman RD. Practice Variations in Anesthesia for Carotid Endarterectomies and Associated Outcomes. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2016 Jan;30(1):23-9. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2015.06.014. Epub 2015 Jun 10.

Gabriel RA, Kaye AD, Jones MR, Dutton RP, Urman RD. Practice Variations in Anesthetic Care and Its Effect on Clinical Outcomes for Primary Total Hip Arthroplasties. J Arthroplasty. 2016 Apr;31(4):918-22. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2015.08.031. Epub 2015 Aug 29.